What Are the Load Requirements for Each Permit Type?
The most common permits required are for oversize transport or super load transport. Typically, the legal limits for the size of a vehicle and its cargo are 80,000lbs of weight, 53′ in length, 13.5″ high, and 8.5″ wide. If the trailer and its cargo exceed these fundamental limits, you’ll need a permit to travel.
Unfortunately, the DOT regulations set for abnormal loads vary between states, so you’ll need to make sure that the right permits are acquired for every step of the journey. If you start in New York, for example, permit types and fees can vary depending on whether you’re traveling downstate or statewide. In New York, the following state permit types also referred to as “R” permits routinely apply:
– Type 1 permits are for 97,400lbs max weight and 48′ trailer length
– Type 1a permits are for 102,000lbs max weight and 48′ trailer length
– Type 7 permits are for 107,000lbs max weight and 53′ trailer length
– Type 9 permits are for 117,000lbs max weight and 53′ trailer length
In other states, load requirements for permits vary, so it’s essential to know which regulations apply, what the requirements are, and how to obtain the correct license quickly.
Are There Costs Associated With Wrong Permit Type Applications?
Some permit types, such as the Unplanned Divisible Load Emergency Move permit type, aren’t route-specific, but drivers will need to be able to prove that they are supporting the right kind of cargo. For relief supplies being transported, fees for the permit are often waived in U.S. states such as New Jersey. If you apply for the wrong license type when carrying this type of load, you may end up paying unnecessary fees.
Are There Restrictions Associated With Permits That Will Affect Travel?
If you have the wrong permit, there will be some roads that you cannot legally and safely travel. For example, if you have a state-issued R permit, you won’t be able to travel across R-posted bridge roads (signposted with “No Trucks with “R” Permits) unless the bridge has been waived by the state department. These R-posted bridges are rated as not safe for oversize loads and can be measured as such because of structural restrictions, e.g., the amount of weight the bridge can hold.
This is why route planning and gaining proper permits is essential. If a semi truck with an oversize load travels down the wrong road, a disaster could result. Anything from having a bridge too low, to lanes that are too narrow. This can cause damage to the freight, or worse, an accident to happen. This is also why pilot cars and escort vehicles are often utilized, to make sure the way is clear.
Some permits are more expensive than others, so the right licenses must be chosen to avoid making costly mistakes. In many states, you can apply for general single-trip moves where the permit fee is $60. However, highway maintenance fees are also required for loads exceeding 80,000lbs in some locations. In some states, including Texas, single-trip mileage permits specifically for equipment such as cranes have a cheaper base fee of $31, but the true cost is dependent on size, weight, and mileage. Paying for the wrong permit type means you may not have enough mileage cover to reach your destination, as well as incurring the wrong permit fee amount.
For more information on what happens when you have wrong permits, head over to our HeavyHaulers.com Division at: https://heavyhaulers.com/blog/what-happens-if-you-have-the-wrong-oversize-or-wide-load-permits/
“If you have the wrong permit, there will be some roads that you cannot legally and safely travel."
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